Voiceover: first it was as we know an ancient greek temple for athena then it became a greek orthodox church then a roman catholic church and then a mosque in a war between the ottomans who were in control of greece at this moment in history in the 17th century and the venetians. The parthenon, one of the most recognizable landmarks in greece, has stood on the hill in athens known as the acropolis since the fifth century bc much of the structure was destroyed in 1687 when venice besieged the turkish-held city, because the turks used it as a powder magazine british . The parthenon served as a church until athens was conquered by the ottoman turks in the fifteenth century, when it became a mosque in 1687, during the venetian siege of the acropolis, the defending turks were using the parthenon as a store for gunpowder, which was ignited by the venetian bombardment. The parthenon itself replaced an older temple of athena, which historians call the pre-parthenon or older parthenon, that was destroyed in the persian invasion of 480 bc it is the most important surviving building of classical greece and is generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the doric order , the simplest of the .
Secrets of the parthenon how did the ancient athenians build this near-flawless icon of greece's golden age airing january 29, 2008 at 9 pm on pbs aired january 29, 2008 on pbs. There are many accomplishments that are associated with classical greece, one of the major ones is the parthenon the parthenon played a key part in helping society discover that the greeks were incredibly great with precise calculations, had unknown technology to create such buildings, and that this type of building is hard to recreate. Looking to learn more about the parthenon improve your knowledge on the parthenon and find out more about ancient greece with dk find out for kids.
The parthenon is the remains of a temple for the greek goddess athena, the patron goddess of the ancient city of athens in addition to the obvious classical monuments, there are more ancient remains from the mycenean period and even earlier at the acropolis you can also see from a distance the . Last time i discussed the fullest ancient description we have of the athenian parthenon, which was written by pausanias, a greek traveller from asia minor in the mid 2 nd c ad, the height of the roman empire for pausanias the main interest of the building was the giant gold and ivory statue of . Since january 2018, i have been part of a team of conservators who have had the rare and wonderful opportunity to work on the parthenon sculptures in preparation for the exhibition rodin and the art of ancient greece some of the sculptures became the subjects of an extensive scientific investigation. The parthenon was the supreme expression of the ancient greek architectural genius and represents the marriage of simplicity and power the parthenon was built to extremely precise dimensions according to the mathematical ratios of sacred geometry. The parthenon is a large temple, but it is by no means the largest one in greece its aesthetic appeal emanates from the refinement of many established norms of greek architecture, and from the quality of its sculptural decoration.
An invasion by xerxes of persia in the 5th century bc forced the myriad city-states of ancient greece to band together for survival ad classics: the parthenon / ictinus and callicrates 25 . Ancient greece browse this content a beginner's guide ancient greece, an introduction introduction to ancient greek art the parthenon, athens parthenon sculptures. Allison lee the ancient greek temple known as the parthenon has long since been considered a great illustration of the ideal, classical architectural construction.
Besides the parthenon and greek tragedy, classical greece brought us the historian herodotus, the physician hippokrates and the philosopher socrates it also brought us the political reforms that . The nashville parthenon was a moment in the tradition of southern classical reception, using a classical image to glorify a contemporary process of exclusion in the reception of classical history and images that inspired the 1898 nashville parthenon, there is not room for all people to be equal. Jeffrey hurwit: the parthenon was the greatest monument in the greatest sanctuary of the greatest city of classical greece it was the central repository of the athenians' very lofty conceptions .
The parthenon is one of the best known architectural symbols of any civilization built in the 15 year period between 447-432 bc this ancient greek temple was designed as a replacement for a temple destroyed by the persians in 480 bc. The parthenon sculptures are well known in the world as they show the magnificent work of art from classical greece they are also accredited for influencing western civilization in the aspects of theatre, medicine, democracy, philosophy, and history (jenkins, iv). In other words, phidias may be called the initiator of the idealistic, classical style that distinguishes greek art in the later 5th and the 4th centuries learn more in these related britannica articles:.